Get Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing PDF

By Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne

ISBN-10: 331949726X

ISBN-13: 9783319497266

ISBN-10: 3319497278

ISBN-13: 9783319497273

This two-volume paintings is a testomony to the expanding curiosity within the function of microbes in sustainable agriculture and nutrients defense. Advances in microbial applied sciences are explored in chapters facing subject matters equivalent to plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. quantity II is a suite of analysis findings that invitations readers to check the appliance of microbes in toxins relief, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of assorted poisonous compounds. hugely readable entries try to shut the information hole among soil microbial institutions and sustainable agriculture.

conventional agricultural administration innovations have relied seriously on software of chemical fertilizers and insecticides; and up to date land use swap practices have ended in over exploitation of average assets. recommendations defined the following simplify a classy photo of how microbial groups can enhance the standard of atmosphere and dispose of nutrition shortage within the coming generations. This paintings is an important contribution to investigate during this more and more very important self-discipline of soil sciences, and should entice researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.

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Extra info for Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution

Sample text

Hackl E, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Bodrossy L, Sessitsch A (2004) Comparison of diversities and compositions of bacterial populations inhabiting natural forest soils. Appl Environ Microbiol 70(9):5057–5065 Hanson RS, Hanson TE (1996) Methanotrophic bacteria. Microbiol Rev 60(2):439–471 Harremoes P, Henze Christensen M (1971) Denitrification with methane (Denitrifikation med methan). Vand 1:7–11 Haubrichs R, Widmann R (2006) Evaluation of aerated biofilter systems for microbial methane oxidation of poor landfill gas.

25 mole of N is required for every mole of assimilated carbon. • Moisture. Soil pore volume strongly affects this parameter, but an optimum soil moisture content is generally between 10 and 20 % w/w. Too little moisture (<5 %) significantly lowers oxidation activity due to desiccation, while too much moisture inhibits gas transfer—molecular diffusion is approximately 10,000 times slower through water than air (Cabral et al. 2007). 1 Agriculture: Rice Paddy Soils Modern agriculture has increased in scale and intensity and production is expected to double by 2050 because of greater food, feed and energy demands (Raja 2013).

Non-biogenic methane emission sources include geological settings, waste treatment facilities, fossil fuel industries and biomass burning, while biogenic sources include lakes, wetlands, rice cultivation, forests, livestock farming, oceans, wild animals, termites and permafrost (Kirschke et al. 2013; IPCC 2013; Karthikeyan et al. 2015; Strong et al. 2015). Among the different microbes, methane oxidisers (primarily methanotrophs) and sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRBs) are the key microbial groups that degrade methane.

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Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution by Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne


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