Download e-book for iPad: Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular by Alton Meister

By Alton Meister

ISBN-10: 0470122935

ISBN-13: 9780470122938

ISBN-10: 0471044288

ISBN-13: 9780471044284

Advances in Enzymology and similar parts of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, delivering researchers entry to authoritative reports of the most recent discoveries in all parts of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, supplying an unequalled view of the ancient improvement of enzymology. The sequence deals researchers the newest knowing of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in complicated organic procedure, and their program in either the laboratory and undefined. each one quantity within the sequence gains contributions via major pioneers and investigators within the box from worldwide. All articles are conscientiously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.

With its wide variety of themes and lengthy ancient pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just through scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but additionally via any scientist drawn to the invention of an enzyme, its houses, and its applications.

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Based on the knowledge of the structure of the active site of hen egg white lysozyme obtained by X-ray crystallographic studies (102), a series of active-site-directed irreversible inhibitors for the enzyme were designed (107,108). These inhibitors, the epoxypropyl P-glycosides of N-acetylglucosamine and its p( 1+4)-linked di- and trisaccharides (Fig. 6), were shown to behave as typical affinity-labeling Fig. 5. Mechanism of inhibition of P-glucosidases with conduritol B epoxide. 48 HAROLD M. FLOWERS AND NATHAN SHARON HO OCHi HN / c=o \ CH3 I C H 2 CH2 0 ' I R=H, G l c N A c or GlcNAc p ( I - 4 ) G l c N A c Fig.

One of the most important of these is the demonstration that many inherited metabolic disorders are caused by the lack of specific glycosidases, and that these diseases may possibly be healed by the administration of the lacking enzymes (“enzyme replacement therapy”). Another reason is the marked increase in biotechnological application of glycosidases in the food industry, mainly in the large scale production of invert sugar from sucrose and from starch. In this review we discuss glycosidases with special reference to their application to structural studies of complex carbohydrates and animal cell surfaces.

Their activity towards more complex saccharides, including glycoproteins and glycolipids, is generally considerably reduced and is often completely absent. Since activity may vary depending on the source of the enzyme, it is desirable to obtain glycosidases with different properties from a wide variety of sources such as mammalian organs, invertebrates, higher plants, molds and bacteria. 111. Substrates A. SPECIFICITY Various types of specificity have been defined in the action of glycosidases.

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Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Volume 48 by Alton Meister

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