New PDF release: A History of Early Southeast Asia: Maritime Trade and

By Kenneth R. Hall

ISBN-10: 0742567605

ISBN-13: 9780742567603

ISBN-10: 0742567613

ISBN-13: 9780742567610

ISBN-10: 0742567621

ISBN-13: 9780742567627

This finished background presents a clean interpretation of Southeast Asia from a hundred to 1500, whilst significant social and financial advancements foundational to trendy societies came about at the mainland (Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam) and the island international (Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines). Kenneth R. corridor explores this dynamic period intimately, which was once striking for transforming into exterior contacts, inner variations of close by cultures, and progressions from hunter-gatherer and agricultural groups to inclusive hierarchical states. within the method, previously neighborhood civilizations grew to become significant members in period's foreign exchange networks.

Incorporating the most recent archeological facts and foreign scholarship, Kenneth corridor enlarges upon previous histories of early Southeast Asia that didn't enterprise past 1400, extending the learn of the sector to the Portuguese seizure of Melaka in 1511. Written for a large viewers of non-specialists, the ebook can be crucial analyzing for all these attracted to Asian and international history.

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Extra info for A History of Early Southeast Asia: Maritime Trade and Societal Development, 100-1500

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100–500 As discussed in chapter 1, international maritime trade and coincident cultural networking in Asia developed in stages. Initial prosperity was centered in the maritime Middle East–India route with overland connections to the Silk Road that connected the West with China. The Indian Ocean maritime route (the ‘‘Maritime Silk Road’’) developed after Rome established its Pax Romana in the first century of the Christian era, corresponding to a diffusion of knowledge among sailors of Greece, Persia, and the Roman Orient on the use of the monsoon winds for navigation, which navigators based in South and Southeast Asia had used in earlier centuries to reach the western Indian Ocean coasts.

In recognition of Srivijaya’s power the Chinese granted the maritime state preferred trade status, suggesting that those who utilized Srivijaya’s ports were given preferential treatment when entering Chinese ports. Historians believe that this Chinese connection was critical to Srivijaya’s prosperity and that Srivijaya’s power was dependent upon the fluctuations of the Chinese economy (Wolters: 1979a, 39–48). When trade with China’s ports was prosperous, Srivijaya thrived. But when China’s ports periodically closed, the economic repercussions were disastrous to Srivijaya’s political authority.

This ceremony involved an oath in which the grantee pledged his loyalty, and it culminated with the pronouncement of a curse by a religious official threatening those present who were not committed to their monarch (Boechari: 1965; Veerdonk: 2001). There are similar records from Angkor Cambodia, wherein the remaining inscriptional records detail the Khmer kings’ acknowledgment of land rights that are tied to expectations of higher cultivation yields (frequently associated with mandated construction of new water reservoirs locally) and linked transfers of local production to sustain rituals in the state’s temple network (Higham: 2001, 152ff).

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A History of Early Southeast Asia: Maritime Trade and Societal Development, 100-1500 by Kenneth R. Hall

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